If you’re a newbie interested in learning Linux, the first thing you need to decide on is which version should you install and get a handle on first. There are a couple of different flavours of Linux, not knowing where to begin is perfectly normal.
Where to set up Linux
You have a couple of options, the first is to partition your hard disk and install Linux that way, and you would have a dual boot. Instruction on how to do that are in the following video.
The second option is to use a VPS, you get a fresh installation of Linux and here you can practice learning without messing with your home computer. Most VPS services have tech support available in case something goes wrong.
Ubuntu is one of the most commonly used versions of Linux, it’s a debian-based Linux operating system. It’s the default setup for most VPS, most prefer it because it is very easy to use. This is probably a good starting point since there are plenty of resources to help you learn the ins and outs. There is an Ubuntu community forum where new users and veterans post questions and get help from others. If you’re going to install it on your home machine you can download it for free here.
The previous operating system Ubuntu is based off this one, Debian. While you have the option to use either one, there is a difference between them. Ubuntu is a little easier to use, it focuses on ease of use while Debian is focused on stability. However they both use similar commands for installation and managing packages. No matter which you decide on both have plenty of resources and a vibrant support community. There are plenty of tutorials and tips if you get stuck.
This is another version of Linux, but Fedora is all about innovation and a shorter period of support on products. Fedora is based on Red Hat making it incompatible with Debian or Ubuntu. Fedora is also very security conscious, using security-enhanced-linux or Selinux and the purpose of that is to keep the system as secure as possible. You can download Fedora here, as well as get support from the community.
Ultimately which version you decide to try first is completely up to you and nothing is stopping you from trying them all.
Ubuntu being the most popular with the biggest community, might give it the slight edge on which you should learn first. Learning the different Linux commands might be overwhelming at first but with some support you’ll have the hang of it in no time.